His glory shall reflect upon us and be transmitted to us. We have never been blessed with the vision of heaven. "Sermon Bible Commentary". Man has higher gifts simply because he has higher capacities. (Thomas Horton, D.D.). "Family Bible New Testament". Think what a worm it is that you are afraid of, and what an omnipotent Being you displease [Note: Isaiah 51:7-8; Isaiah 51:12-13. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. Tholuck remarks: “It is by virtue of their substantial unity with the father, that the children come into participation of his possession. If all men, without exception, were the children of God there would be no “if” about it, just as any hypothetical expression is unknown in heaven; or if all men were so placed that it was impossible for them ever to sustain any relation to God, but the general one of creatures, then, also, there would be no room for question, just as there is none in respect to the brutes that perish, or to the devils and the damned in hell. The connexion of suffering with Christ, and being glorified with Him is elsewhere insisted on, see 2 Timothy 2:11; 1 Peter 4:13; 1 Peter 5:1. 1 Peter 4:13). We inherit with Jesus Christ our brother ( Romans 8:29). Let us turn to the help. It is designed to place students in circumstances where they must do those things which seem completely beyond th… To vanity; to sin and its consequences.--In hope; in hope of deliverance to come, as described in the Romans 8:21. ].” In this respect all the family must resemble him: every one of them must learn obedience in the same way [Note: Hebrews 5:8. 4. We are--Heirs of--, 2. Suffering it is the beaten path to glory, and that common road which all take that come to that end. 2. Romans 4:14. In considering these words, we shall set before you. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/romans-8.html. The Apostle John, in that most wonderful preface to his Gospel, teaches that sonship is not a relation into which we are born by natural birth, that we become sons after we are men, and that we become sons by a Divine act, the communication of a spiritual life, whereby we are born of God. "Commentary on Romans 8:17". Only here and 1 Corinthians; Romans 12:26. The Apostle had shown that believers are the adopted children of God, heirs of God, and joint heirs with Jesus Christ. The apostle has proved the fact of our being sons or children, first by the filial fecling produced in us by the Spirit, and then by the direct witness of the Spirit Himself. 1832. All the saints shall come to heaven, but some may go further in than the rest. In this present earthly life, we have sometimes sips and tastes of sonship, feeble indeed and interrupted, so that it is with us as Mr. Hart speaks—"Though you here receive but little, scarce enough for the proof of your proper title;" yet are they so far pledges of an inheritance to come. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Christ is everything to him that trusts Him. No sonship without a spiritual birth. No Christ without faith. “If children”--it matters not whether sons or daughters--“then heirs.” Nor will this inheritance lose any value from being distributed among so many. [Our sufferings are intended as a test of our love to Christ. In the second place, this community of suffering is a necessary preparation for the community of glory. The former are persecutions; the latter, salutary chastisements. And not until you can stand up and say, ‘I live, yet not I, but Christ liveth in me,’ have you accomplished that to which you are consecrated and vowed by your sonship-’being conformed unto the likeness of His death,’ and ‘knowing the fellowship of His sufferings.’, It is this process, the inward strife and conflict in getting rid of evil, which the Apostle designates here with the name of ‘suffering with Christ, that we may be also glorified together.’ On this high level, and not upon the lower one of the consideration that Christ will help us to bear outward infirmities and afflictions, do we find the true meaning of all that Scripture teaching which says indeed, ‘Yes, our sufferings are His’; but lays the foundation of it in this, ‘His sufferings are ours.’ It begins by telling us that Christ has done a work and borne a sorrow that no second can ever do. His faithfulness is theirs, to support them. Now, I. Verse 23. Copyright StatementThe text of this work is public domain. From the truth of the filial relation to God, Paul now passes over by the continuative δέ to the sure blissful consequence of it,—and that indeed in organic reference to the ζήσεσθε promised in Romans 8:13. "Roman law made all children, including adopted ones, equal heritors" (Vincent p. 92), "Joint-heirs with Christ"-Christ considers us as brothers. You cannot gather up the spilt water; you cannot any more gather up and re-issue the past life. Romans 8:1-9. Oh blessed Jesus! No sonship except by spiritual birth; and if not such sonship, then the spirit of bondage. (Romans 8:17) References. By an argument, taken from what is annexed or what follows, he proves that our salvation consists in having God as our Father. It is true that these things are not their portion. This sweetens it all. “Thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir.”. This idea is frequently presented in the Scriptures. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hal/romans-8.html. They ask, Can it be? ‘And if children, then heirs, heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ, if so be that we suffer with him, that we may also be glorified with him.’. “If children, then heirs.”. Corinthians, First and Second, Theology of, Eternal Life, Eternality, Everlasting Life, The Holy Bible, New International Version®. 2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. “We shall be glorified with Him”; that is, we shall be glorified from. Lloyd-Jones sometimes devotes entire sermons (chapters) to other passages related to a Romans text, e.g. First, the text tells us, No inheritance without sonship. 143. What becomes of good men in the future? God is the portion of His people; and in Him, who is the possessor of heaven and earth, they are heirs of all things. This is the splendor of the glorified soul reflected back on the vacated tenement as it retreated away; as the setting sun ever and anon throws back the thousand variegated tints and hues bespangling the firmament far over to the eastern horizon simultaneously with his retreat through the gates of Hesperus. It is reserved for them in heaven, which is the throne of God, and where He manifests His glory. Well then, if that be even partially true-admitting all that you may say about circumstances which go to make some portion of the blessedness of that future life-if it be true that God is the true blessing given by His Gospel upon earth, that He Himself is the greatest gift that can be bestowed, and that He is the true Heaven of heaven-what a flood of light does it cast upon that statement of my text, ‘If children, then heirs’; no inheritance without sonship! Romans 8:17. How careful they are to give contentment to an heir if it be but of some ordinary inheritance. If a fair measure of the greatness of any result be the length of time taken for getting it ready, we can dimly conceive what that joy must be for which seventy years of strife and sorrow are but a momentary preparation; and what must be the weight of that glory which is the counterpoise and consequence to the afflictions of this lower world. Then the Christian should not debase himself by an undue attachment to the things of time. They are heirs according to the promise, Galatians 3:29; heirs of promise, Hebrews 6:17, that is, of all the blessings contained in the promise of God, which He confirmed by an oath; heirs of salvation, Hebrews 1:14; heirs of the grace of life, 1 Peter 3:7; heirs according to the hope of eternal life, Titus 3:7; heirs of righteousness, Hebrews 11:7; heirs of the kingdom which God hath promised, James 2:5. Sometimes the Lord is pleased to account His people to be His inheritance. New York. Well then, if all that be true, what a flood of light does it cast upon the text! 1. "Such passages leave no room at all for a "partial rapture!" [Note: For a study of the variable factors involved in inheriting, see Zane C. Hodges, The Hungry Inherit. Nothing tends more to wean us from the world, than the opposition we meet from worldly men. That as sufferings go before, so glory shall certainly follow sufferings; If we suffer with him, we shall be also glorified together. Yes, it can be, if you will think thus:-If a Christian has the Spirit and life of Christ in him, his career will be moulded, imperfectly but really, by the same Spirit that dwelt in his Lord; and similar causes will produce corresponding effects. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/romans-8.html. δὲ Χριστοῦ marks the condition of our possession; we are so possessors only as sharing with Christ, by His life in us. “But if children, indeed heirs, truly heirs of God, and fellow heirs of Christ; if we suffer along with him in order that we may also be glorified along with him.” None but disciples go to heaven. O the blessedness of being a child of God! "William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament". Can you find any solid, substantial marks or tokens that you are a partaker of saving and sanctifying grace, born of God, separated from the world as a pilgrim and a stranger, and pressing onward through a thousand foes and fears to a heavenly country? Sufferings — Mentioned as being with Christ in Romans 8:17. Sufferings — Mentioned as being with Christ in Romans 8:17. (b) So also with poverty. Say, “I count it to be my joy to be permitted to be a partaker of the sufferings of Christ.” All the sheep of the Great Shepherd are marked with the cross, and this not only in the fleece, but in the flesh. And if children, then heirs - For the legitimate children can alone inherit the estate. They are all blessed under the same promise (Hebrews 6:17). In what proportion this inheritance of the saints is dispensed and distributed unto them. (d) Or think of temptation. They are all equally related to that great First-born Son through whom their heirship comes to them. ), Samuel Rutherford used to say, “I wonder many times that ever a child of God should have a sad heart, considering what the Lord is preparing for him.” “When we shall come home, and enter into the possession of our Brother’s fair kingdom, and when our heads shall find the weight of the eternal crown of glory, and when we shall look back to pains and suffering, then shall we see life and sorrow to be less than one step or stride from a prison to glory, and that our little inch of time-suffering is not worthy of our first night’s welcome home to heaven.”. no sonship except by that spiritual birth; and if not such sonship, then the spirit of bondage. That He should become a partner with us in all things is love unbounded. But inasmuch as God’s deliverance is not a deliverance from a mere arbitrary and outward punishment: inasmuch as God’s salvation, though it be deliverance from the penalty as well as from the guilt of sin, is by no means chiefly a deliverance from outward consequences, but mainly a removal of the nature and disposition that makes these outward consequences certain,-therefore a man cannot be saved, God’s love cannot save him, God’s justice will not save him, God’s power stands back from saving him, upon any other condition than this that his soul shall be adapted and prepared for the reception and enjoyment of the blessing of a spiritual salvation. In that Ep. This little word “if” intimates to us that all men are not children of God. But in the second point of view, He is the pattern of their condition; in this they must follow His steps, and be made conformable to Him. Having the same enemies with Him, they must have the some combats, the same victories, and the same triumphs. Sometimes the servants of God are more troubled with inward conflicts than with outward afflictions. "Commentary on Romans 8:17". ‘He who would be Christ’s brother and joint-heir, must bear in mind to be also a joint-martyr and joint-sufferer; not feeling Christ’s sufferings and shame after Him, but with Him, as Romans 8:10; Romans 8:32-33, declare’ (Luther). BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on Romans 8:17". He has come, and He has ‘dwelt with us,’ and He has worn this life of ours, and He has walked in the midst of this world, and He knows all about our human condition, and He has effected an actual change in the possible aspect of the divine justice and government to us; and He has carried in the golden urn of His humanity a new spirit and a new life which He has set down in the midst of the race; and the urn was broken on the cross of Calvary, and the water flowed out, and whithersoever that water comes there is life, and whithersoever it comes not there is death! To any self-respecting man, any man of honour, much more to any man who knows what his life should be before God, temptation is a real suffering. Thirdly, we should hence learn to love Christ, and to give Him the glory of all. For who can possess God but they who love Him? "Commentary on Romans 8:17". Jewish law gave a double portion to the eldest son. But (announcing a result, as in a mathematical proposition: ‘but, if &c.’) if children, also heirs (which is the universal rule of mankind: but κληρ. It is only the true saint who can bear reproach with meekness, take joyfully the spoiling of his goods, refuse to avenge himself, love his enemies, and yield the peaceable fruits of righteousness. 1685. They have their inheritance secured by their union with Christ, and hold it by a title which is indefeasible, and a right which never can be revoked. Then. "Commentary on Romans 8:17". "Commentary on Romans 8:17". 1. It is said of Elkanah, in his carriage to Hannah, that he gave her a worthy portion, or, as some read it, a double portion. Our apostle having asserted and insured the believer's adoption in the foregoing verse, doth in this verse infer the certainty of his inheritance: If children, then heirs. But, after all, this too is a matter of faith, and faith is not always strong; faith does not always seem able to lay hold on these things. for when a man is worthy of this, as one of their commentatorsF6En Yaacob, fol. It was not that Paul doubted the Roman Christians (any more than he distrusted Timothy). Comp. If for sonship there must be a birth again, why, surely, the very symbol might convince you that such a process does not lie within our own power. “All things are yours,” says the apostle, and amongst the rest he reckons the world (1 Corinthians 3:21-22). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/romans-8.html. This is the law of nature. And this is what the apostle here intends to say, and not that the participation of Christ's glory is a reward for our having suffered with him. Were the sufferings of the Lord only the sufferings which were connected with His bodily afflictions and pain, precious and priceless as they were, and operative causes of our redemption as they were? (d) And then suppose that, though there be something left, yet it be a mere trifle; that heaven should be but inferior joy, such as might be found even in this world. A brute animal could not be adopted and made a child by man; nor if it were could it be made the subject of human sympathies and affections. And so learn to look upon all trial as being at once the seal of your sonship, and the means by which God puts it within your power to win a higher place, a loftier throne, a nobler crown, a closer fellowship with Him ‘who hath suffered, being tempted,’ and who will receive into His own blessedness and rest them that are tempted. The apostle does not mean that if a son of God have no occasion, by brevity of life or other causes, for passing through the discipline of sorrow, his inheritance would be forfeited. These are but specimens of a whole cycle of Scripture statements which in every form of necessary implication, and of direct statement, set forth the principle that he who is born again of the Spirit, and he only, is a son of God. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sbc/romans-8.html. First, in regard of that union which is knit betwixt Christ and His Church. If we suffer with him — Willingly and cheerfully, for righteousness' sake. On earth and in heaven the heritage of the children of the Lord is God Himself, inasmuch as He is with them for their delight, in them to make them ‘partakers of the divine nature,’ and for them in all His attributes and actions. [Note: Newell, p317.]. In the ancient Roman world, unwanted children were routinely abandoned or sold into slavery. It is from God the inheritance comes, and we share in it with Christ (Mark 12:7). The loftiness of the title heir of God might easily be lost in vagueness, unless the apostle, with the view of making this abstract idea palpable, added a concrete fact. Study the bible online using commentary on Romans and more! Psalms 78:25. ‘If we die with Him we will also live with Him, if we suffer with Him we will also reign with Him’ (2 Timothy 2:11-12). For the sake of perspicuity, we will shew, [Christ, our elder Brother, was a sufferer, “a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief [Note: Isaiah 53:3. Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible. Thirdly, their very relation and condition wherein they are it gives them right and title hereto. Such a privilege can only be ours if we share in His suffering. The Roman law regarded them as continuators of his personality. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/romans-8.html. The inheritance to be possessed by them is the same in its nature as that possessed by the man Christ Jesus; and the glory that the Father gives to Him, He gives to them, John 18:22. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/romans-8.html. “If children, then heirs.” This, of course, implies--. 1999-2014. joint-heirs. I. Joint heirs with Christ. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". Learn, 3. In the former part of this verse the Apostle tells us that in order to be heirs of God, we must become sons through and joint-heirs with Christ. 1 Peter 1:3-4). Conflict, not progress, is the word that defines man’s path from darkness into light. When the saints act out of character, corrections will be employed to bring them back again. We have the blessed assurance that if we follow Him in His humiliation, we shall also follow Him in His glorification. The fact is, that the life of Christ remains to be lived by every Christian, who in like manner has to fight with the world, to stand, by God’s help, pure in the midst of a world that is full of evil. It is much to say that for inheritance there must be sonship. No spiritual birth without Christ. The help of Christ. This community of suffering is a necessary preparation for the community of glory. Do not suppose that I am forgetting, or wishing you to account as of small importance, the awful sense in which Christ’s suffering stands as a thing by itself and unapproachable, a solitary pillar rising up, above the waste of time, to which all men everywhere are to turn with the one thought, ‘I can do nothing like that; I need to do nothing like it; it has been done once, and once for all; and what I have to do is, simply to lie down before Him, and let the power and the blessings of that death and those sufferings flow into my heart.’ The Divine Redeemer makes eternal redemption. BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Romans 8:17". Therefore, neither God can give, nor man can receive, that gift upon any other terms, than just this, that the heart and nature be fitted and adapted for it. They possess God as their inheritance in two degrees, namely, in possessing in this life His grace, and in the life to come His glory. Lastly, seeing God’s children are heirs, and are heirs of glory, we see then from hence the vanity of those persons who would make salvation to be a matter of merit. Think of some one who has suffered much and endeavoured to bear the pain well. The partnership of the claimants to heirship. Paul, the author, was a Hebrew by descent, a native of Tarsus in Cilicia, and educated by Gamaliel, the great Pharisaic teacher. Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. The end is the inheritance; and sorrows here, as well as the Spirit’s work here, are the earnest of the inheritance. II. 1. It speaks of the communication of a life, and the reciprocity of love. The inheritance, which is a kingdom, was provided for them from the foundation of the world, Matthew 25:34, before they existed; and as inheritances were under the law inalienable, so this inheritance is eternal. But the inheritance is sure, because the one cause--union with the Lord--produces both the present result of fellowship in His sorrows, and the future result of joy in His joy, of possession in His possessions. Hort, 1 Peter, p. 35) suggests that the meaning here is ‘possessors,’ possessors of GOD = possessors of the divine life (of. This may fitly be called the â€œchapter of the Holy Spirit.â€ The Apostle has carefully kept this great theme in the background till he has well prepared the ground, by showing us our inability to attain our ideals apart from reinforcements of divine energy. Romans 8:1-4 Under the gospel we are free from condemnation, walking. What but this? he has actual share in the suffering endured by Christ (1 Peter 4:13), drinks the same cup that He drank (Matthew 20:22 f.). The inheritance is sure, because earth’s sorrows not merely require to be repaid by its peace, but because they fit us for it, and it would be destructive to all faith in God’s wisdom not to believe that what He has wrought for us will be given to us. 1801-1803. IV. Salvation is not chiefly a deliverance from outward consequences, but a renewal of the nature that makes these consequences certain. Greek. also . There are many which are not associated with Christ, and which do not result from sympathy with Him. Thirdly, conveyance or derivation. Strange as it may appear, the enduring of trials for Christ’s sake tends greatly to the advancement even of our present happiness, inasmuch as it “turns to us for a testimony [Note: Luke 21:13. And, on the other hand, ‘The Lord is the portion of my inheritance,’ says David; ‘Ye are heirs of God,’ echoes Paul. An heir is one who, by legal or natural right, possesses a title to an inheritance. sumpascho. The Birth-Pangs of Immortality. Romans 8:2 tells us we are free from the power of sin. The Apostle John in that most wonderful preface to his Gospel, where all deepest truths concerning the eternal Being in Himself and in the solemn march of His progressive revelations to the world are set forth in language simple like the words of a child, inexhaustible like the voice of a god, draws a broad distinction between the relation to the manifestations of God, which every human soul by virtue of his humanity sustains, and that which some, by virtue of their faith, enter into. The Jews speak of God's inheriting of man, as the highest pitch of greatness man can arrive unto; thus explaining and paraphrasing on the names of the places from which the Israelites journeyed, Numbers 21:18, sayF5T, Bab. And so, unless man, in spite of all his corruption, had within him a nature distinguished by moral and religious capacity, it would be impossible for him to be either adopted by or born of God; and that nature of which this can be said, however ruined now, must have been originally great and God-like. III. II. spiritually minded. When now exhorting us to patience, he does not show whence salvation proceeds, but how God governs his people. Heaven is no heaven except in so far as it is the possession of God. There may want glory as to either of these things. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. The world in which we live is a fallen world – a place of sufferings and trials and a time of heartaches and problems, a life of difficulties and sickness, a season of disappointments and death. But against this may be haply objected that there are divers of the children of God, and such as we have cause to hope well of, who yet have a very quiet and comfortable life, wherein they meet with little sorrow or trouble at all. If we suffer, we shall also reign with him," 2 Timothy 2:11, 2 Timothy 2:12. Romans 8:18-31. But yet we may have had experiences which have helped us, and from which we may now draw courage, strength, and hope. By the declaration that they are heirs, we are reminded that it is not by purchase, or by any work of their own, that they obtain the inheritance to which they are predestinated, Ephesians 1:11, and begotten, 1 Peter 1:3. Paul was sure of it in his own case, and took it for granted in that of others. God will have His people here in this world to suffer for divers reasons. Romans 8:17. Why thus it is now to be an heir of God. This if is not a word of ambiguity and doubting, but a word of certainty and assurance and signifies as much as seeing that we suffer with him. But ‘add to your faith,’ that ‘an entrance may be ministered unto you abundantly.’ Remember that though the root of the matter, the seed of the kingdom, may be in you; and that though, therefore, you have a right to feel that, at any period of your Christian experience, if it please God to take you out of this world, you are fit for heaven-yet in His mercy He is leaving you here, training you, disciplining you, cleansing you, making you to be polished shafts in His quiver; and that all the glowing furnaces of fiery trial and all the cold waters of affliction are but the preparation through which the rough iron is to be passed before it becomes tempered steel, a shaft in the Master’s hand.
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